Is Your Goldfish Constipated

I recently read a story online about a goldfish that died at the ripe old age of 43. I marveled at the story because my goldfish only seem to last a couple of months. What caused this fish to live so long? No doubt he received great care and was raised in optimum water conditions.

Goldfish are actually hardy fish but they’re many diseases that they can die from including constipation. If you want your goldfish to live a long and healthy life you need to make sure that you treat the aquarium properly. Goldfish can be a bit messy and you need to make sure that you clean their water diligently vacuuming up all feces and uneaten food on the bottom and doing partial water changes often. Also it is important not to overcrowd the tank as this can cause the water quality to go downhilll fast.

Here’s some aquarium diseases that you goldfish might be prone to:


while, this is not a disease per say it does have to do with what you are feeding the fish. if you notice that your goldfish is trailing feces behind him, then he is probably constipated. This means that you are not feeding him the right kinds of foods, perhaps his diet is too fatty or just not varied enough. Just like in humans, you can remedy this by giving him more roughage. Try feeding him spinach, peas or even tubifex worms. You should also soak dried fish foods before letting your goldfish feed on them and this will help with his digestion.

Swim Bladder Disorder

swim bladder disorder happens more in the fancy goldfish and is a problem with him swimming where he will seem to be floating up near the top of the tank or down at the bottom. This happens more often and tanks that have bad water quality so keep your tank In good condition.


Dropsy is a bacterial infection that attacks the fish from the inside. The symptoms are that your goldfishes scales will look like they are sticking out from his body. This is a very serious aquarium disease and by the time you notice your fish have it it’s probably already too advanced treat.


Ich is a common aquarium disease which is actually a parasite that attaches itself to your fish. It is often called white spot because It looks like little white dots, like tiny grains of salt on the fish. If you leave this unchecked it can get quite bad as the spores multiply excessively.

Fin Rot

Fin Rot is another bacterial infection which attacks the fins of your goldfish. this will cause his fans to look ragged and you will notice over time that it progresses up the fin until nothing is left. This can be treated successfully if caught early on..

Most all goldfish disease can be avoided by keeping your tank clean. Remember to do periodic water changes and don’t crowd to many fish in the tank. Watch your fish for signs of constipation and other disease and you too might have a goldfish that lives to the ripe old age of 43!


Ever lost for ideas while working in a group? One of the most often-used technique for generating many ideas is Brainstorming. Alex Osborn, a partner in an advertising agency, developed brainstorming techniques years ago in 1941 to help his employees to come up with many, many ideas for their advertising business.

To enable Brainstorming to be effective, there are certain rules to follow. One of the most important is that no one should make any judgment about anyone’s ideas. There should be a FREE-FLOW of ideas (that’s why Brainstorm is put under the WATER Element category!) and everyone’s ideas are to be respected and taken into account.

Let’s go through the steps of setting up an effective Brainstorming session:

1. Get into small groups of less than six (it was found to be more effective) and select a leader and a recorder (they may be the same person).

2. The leader must explain the focus topic and goals of the Brainstorming session. In short, he/she must make sure that everyone is clear on the topic being explored.

3. The leader should spell out the rules of an effective Brainstorming session. These will include:

  • There are no WRONG ideas!
  • Everyone plays a part to contribute.
  • No laughing and poking fun at people’s ideas. No CRITICISM!
  • Do not discuss or argue about the ideas given.
  • The person in charge must record all ideas without any biasness.

4. It is also important to set a realistic time limit. This is to prevent wastage of precious time and the group members tend to be more motivated to give their best, without delays.

5. Start the brainstorming.

6. Usually, anyone can contribute their ideas at any time, without any restrictions. But, there are groups that use a small game to enhance the effectiveness of their Brainstorming sessions. This includes getting the leader to start the Brainstorming session by throwing a tennis ball to another member for his turn to give an idea. And in turn, he/she will pass the ball to another member for his turn to give another idea.

Whatever it is, there are no real hard and fast rules about this. As long as ideas are continuously flowing from each member, the objective is met.

7. The recorder should write down all responses and enable the other members to see them. This help a lot in the brainstorming as sometimes, ideas of others can help spark more original ideas form the rest of the group.

8. Usually after the Brainstorming session, the group will need to go through the results and begin to evaluate the ideas given.

Certain questions to ponder upon include:

  • Are there ideas that are similar?
  • Can some of the ideas and concepts be grouped together for clarity?
  • Are there ideas that are really impossible to use at this point of time (maybe due to lack of resources or other reasons)?

Putting Your Elements to Work:

Here are some Brainstorming exercises for you and your group to practice:

1. Ideas to start a business with less than $100 in the bank.

2. Generate ideas to make an effective advertisement for a business.

3. To improve sales of a new product.

4. Generate ideas to get people to buy what I am selling (for example, Health Products) instead of flowers for Valentine’s Day.

5. To find ways to get rid of excess products (for example, food, flowers and others) that will be rotting in a week’s time.

Just a note for Solo Warriors:

Brainstorming is usually done in a group for obvious reasons. In any case, if you are ever caught alone with an IDEA FLOW blockage, you can still brainstorm alone by jotting down ideas on paper or laptop. The same rules apply and that is to jot ideas as they flow without considering whether they are good or bad. The evaluation of your responses can be done later after you feel that the flow of ideas is subsiding.

The Stone Soup Legend

There exists a tale, handed down from times long ago, of two travelers on a pilgrimage. Hungry and tired from a long day’s journey, they come to a small, impoverished, medieval village, where they decide to rest by the side of the road. One of the travelers builds a small fire, upon which he places a large pot, while the other, having drawn water from the town well, fills the pot and places into the vessel a simple stone. As the two men sit by the fire, bringing their “stone soup” to a boil, the local villagers become inquisitive of the curious antics of these strangers. Eventually, several townsfolk decide to investigate the matter and approach the two travelers to engage them in conversation.

Shortly thereafter, there is heard the sound of merriment, as the visitors, who turn out to be quite friendly, share their tales of the lands and people they have met throughout their journey and pilgrimage with the local villagers.

Finally, a young boy asks the travelers “But why, pray thee, are you boiling a stone?”

One of the pilgrims replies, “So we may eat stone soup.”

“It must be terribly bland!” says an old woman. “But I have a cabbage, which will add some flavor!”

“And I, some carrots, which will add color!” says another villager.

“Some potatoes!”, offers another, until, shortly, by the contribution of a little by many, a hearty stew was made, upon which the entire village and the weary pilgrims dined… and while doing so, shared their tales, talents, and camaraderie throughout the night.

The very next day, the travelers (who by now could be called “strangers” no more), continued their journey, leaving the little town, and its people, behind. But the villagers never forgot them, and the lesson they had learned. In fact, during the hardest of times, in such a time as this tale, that little village thrived, because the townsfolk never forgot how to make “stone soup”.

Great Plans For Building a Shed

Experience has taught me a few things about building I would like to share with you so that you will not fall into the trap I did.

When we moved into our house some years ago, there was one outbuilding already in place. Before long it was full of lawn working supplies.

Since the stuff a family treasures grows, the time came when my wife thought we were ready to add more storage space. I had built some small birdhouses, maybe a wishing well or two for the children over the years. I thought my talents were sufficient to put up a simple storage shed.

I rushed out to the do-it-yourself store and purchased a bunch of lumber. It never occurred to me that I needed a set of plans. After all, we are talking about a simple storage shed here.

That was among the silliest things I think I ever did. Truly not a smart move on my part. I learned that trial and error did not a shed build.

Very soon I realized I was in way over my head, with no way to back out gracefully and recoup my loses. I learned that I wasted money and time because I did not approach my project in the right way.

This was not a birdhouse I was building and I was not using Popsicle sticks for wood. Time was gone, money was gone, and I had boards that I did not know what to do with.

Plus, the wife was not happy with me. To say I had created a mess was an understatement.

The wife encouraged me to understand that the need for a shed did not go away. Soon as I had some money saved and a long week end coming up, I decided to go back to my project, but this time, I intended to approach it differently.

Since my failed attempt to build a shed, I had been visited by the representative of the home owners association who told me as kindly as he could that what I had started did not conform to the association guidelines and it would need to be taken down completely, all the way to the ground.

That was not too hard to do, I reasoned, because I really did not get very far into the project before abandoning the plan I did not have.

The friendly representative gave me some tips, like learn what the guidelines are, get a building permit, get a good set of plans. He even gave me the internet address of a place to find plans to suit any project I wanted to take on.

Following the advice I had been given, I checked out the building codes for my part of town, and the home owners association guidelines. Once I thought I had a good handle on those two things, I was ready to go online and search for the right plans.

I found the website I was looking for and was amazed to find thousands and thousands of plans. It did not take me long to find a set of plans for just the right storage shed.

And, like the home owner association representative said, the plans came with a complete list of materials. I could buy everything I needed, and not have left over wood or hardware.

The plans I chose even had a cut chart showing what size I needed to cut the wood. I was able to cut all the pieces of wood I would use before I started the building. That would prove to be a real time saver.

Since I was putting up another building on our property, you know the wife had to be consulted. And, lucky for me, I did just that. She helped me to understand how this building needed to blend in or match the house and the other shed building that was on the property.

Together we decided where this building would best fit on our lot, and even the color to paint it when I finished the building.

With my new knowledge of the building codes and an understanding of the plans I purchased, I was able to get my project underway on my three-day week end. My shed building was finished and even painted before I had to go to work on Monday.

The wife and I think our building enhances the curb appeal of our property. Now that it is complete, we can move more of the stuff out of our garage and I will no longer be embarrassed to open my garage door.

Building A Great Clothing Web Site – Things to Consider

Building an online apparel business is not as easy as you think. I know this because I started my online apparel wholesale business in 2002, after my “off-line” apparel business failed. I built my 1st web site with Microsoft FrontPage. There were 300 products on my web site. I did my own graphics, my own design, and my own marketing. I worked 24 x 7 for over 6 months straight. 5 years later, my web sites (I have 4 store fronts) bring in a steady stream of business. I no longer need to cold call to find customers, and frankly I don’t work that hard anymore to make a pretty good living.

The following elements on an apparel web site will make or break your business.

#1: The overall look and feel of the store front

You can always tell between a professionally designed and executed web site from one that is done by amateurs. If you are selling originally designed clothing that is not branded, the look and feel is a very important factor. Does it look different from everyone else? Does it look creative? Does it look like quality? Check out your major competition’s web sites. Keep in mind people can not touch the fabric of your clothing. They need to feel comfortable enough to give your products a try.

#2: Product Images

Most people starting their online apparel store either use someone else’s photos, or take the photos with their digital camera. Either way, your product pictures need to look professional and detailed. 1 way to achieve this is to rent professional lighting equipment for your photo shoot. They cost between $25 to $50 a day, but will make a huge impact in the quality of your photos. If you are serious about succeeding in your clothing business, you should invest that money. If you really can’t swing it, use a program such as Photoshop to retouch your photos to make them look more professional. Add a watermark on your pictures. So even if someone steals your picture, at least they will do some free advertising for you.

If you are selling items that have more complex designs, such as sequined dresses, or jackets with appliqués, make sure to take additional detail close-up photos of the garment from different angles. This will ensure the customer knows what the clothing item looks like, and greatly decrease your return rate.

#3: User Friendly Navigation

Make sure the site’s simple. Avoid too many levels of navigation before the user gets to the final product page where they can push the “Buy” button. Up-sell the customer with related items. If the customer clicks on outdoor jackets, put gloves and boots on the same page of the jackets for possible up-sale. Remember, you want the customer to focus on the product itself, not getting confused by too much unnecessary information. You also want them to be able to go back to where they came from, or direct them to more choices for the same product category. So putting “see other choices” or “back to item category” buttons near the item they are viewing.

#4: Easy Check Out

Use “breadcrumbs” to show where they are in the check out process to reassure them they are almost there. Reduce the number of forms to the minimum. Put everything on the same page. The last thing you want is to have the customer abandon their sale because of an ill-conceived check-out process.

#5: Optimize For Search Engine

It does not matter how well done your web site is, or how good your products are, if people can not find your store! So the most important thing about marketing your site is to optimize your web site with search terms used by your potential customers. Find all possible keywords and search terms. Google’s AdWords has a tool that helps you identify search terms related to your product category. I use a professional service out of UK called WordTracker. Truth be told, you really should do this research BEFORE you start building your new web site as the way a web site is constructed impacts how well it gets ranked on major search engines such as Google and Yahoo. This is a complex issue but is one you need to spend time researching on if you want your web site to succeed. And make sure to read my article on the technical aspects of building a good web site. If you want to see my current web sites, here are the links:

Embroidery Hats and Promotional Baseball Caps

Custom Embroidered Shirts and Custom Embroidery Apparel

Corporate Apparel and Corporate Logo Shirts

Home Decoration Ornaments Are the Personality of Your Tree

The tree is a splendid piece of nature shared in our homes from Thanksgiving to Christmas. The lights glow and the bulbs and ornaments are reflected off their spectacular color.

When you have the lights on your tree the ornaments give the completeness to fill the personality of your family. The wonderful ornaments made by your children kept as special mementos of child hood days. Special ornaments made by your grandchildren will add more completeness to your family tree. It is an easy thing to change the scheme of the tree by buying ornaments that suit your fancy.

When you are in college you find ornaments that reflect your school spirit. Getting older you might find a color and match all your ornaments to it. With the changing colors of the trees you might want to find ornaments that complement the tree.

Libraries are a good source as are the search engines to find ornaments to make for your tree. If you want to keep it simple you can make an ornament with tissue paper with candies inside that make a sweet nibble or treat for your visitors. The white ornament is simple and beautiful on a dark tree of green. This also shows up better during the day when the lights are not on.

There is always the standby of cranberries and popcorn to add to trees for the birds and squirrels outside if you move it after the holidays, to a place they can enjoy. With the option of using many trees that leaves the gambit wide open to decorate many ways. Adding a yearly ornament keeps your ornament box growing and keeps the memories of gone by days in your present for the holidays.

Building Stairs With A Platform Or Landing

When Designing stairs with a platform or landing in the middle, a common mistake is to first build a landing at an arbitrary level, then design and build the upper and lower staircases. Ninety-five percent of the time this results in the upper and lower staircases having noticeably different geometry. By analyzing your entire staircase first, then building your platform at the correct level, you will end up with matching flights.

First of all, let me say that stair-building is one of the most complicated aspects of carpentry (or ironwork), so DON’T RUSH. Rushing usually results in poor results and wasted lumber.

In summary, here are the steps (no pun intended) …







In greater detail …

Most importantly, you want the Rise Per Step for both the top and bottom flights to be the same. Your local building code probably requires this, and even regardless of code, the stairs will look and feel better if Rise Per Step, Run Per Step and all the other figures are the same for both flights.

In order to ensure that you have equal Rise Per Step on both flights, first design a phantom set of stairs using your total Overall Rise like you’re making one long set of stairs instead of breaking it in two. (You don’t really need to worry about the Overall Run at this point.) Take your Overall Rise and divide it by your local building code maximum Rise Per Step (7-1/2 inches is a common value.) This tells you the number of steps you will need. Since you can’t have a fraction of a step, round this number up to get an integer, then divided your Overall Rise by this new number to get your calculated Rise Per Step.

Here’s an example:

84.5 Overall Rise

7.5 Building Code Maximum Rise Per Step

divide 84.5 by 7.5 = 11.27

11.27 is the ideal number of steps

round up to 12 full steps

now divide 84.5 by 12

7.04 this is your calculated Rise Per Step

You can now build a platform or landing for your compound staircase at a multiple of 7.04 inches, and both the upper and lower flights will have the same Rise Per Step. For example, if you build the platform at 21.12 inches (3 x 7.04), it would be three steps up from the bottom. If you build it at 35.20 inches, it will be five steps from the bottom.

Now, since the upper flight usually has space constraints, and the lower flight usually doesn’t, design your upper flight first. Use the same process for the Upper Overall Rise and you should end up with the same Rise Per Step (7.04). Calculate your Run Per Step and make sure to include some overhang for the treads. (I’ve developed a staircase calculator for this at: http://www.Shalla.Net .) Now use these same Rise Per Step, Run Per Step, Tread Size, and Tread Overhang to design your lower flight. Your upper and lower flights will now have matching geometry.

The key point here is that you have to build your platform at the right level in order to have matching upper and lower flights.

Denim And Diamonds Party Decorations – Surprising Transformations

There are many different ways you can accessorize your party and guests with fun denim and diamonds party decorations. When planning out your party and party decorations, think denim, sparkle and pizzazz! You don’t have to spend a million to have your party pad decked out to look like a million bucks! Simple accessories found in dollar stores or bargain bins can be creatively transformed into dazzling centerpieces for your party decorations.

Start by getting your guests in on the act, by providing each guest with a glittery cowboy hat or rhinestone studded bandana or simple white or black tee-shirt. These simple decorations are easy and inexpensive to purchase in party stores or you can even make your own if you have the time. Use self-stick crystals or iron on patches with sparkle. Sometimes you’ll even find some denim and diamonds decorations that you can dual purpose for a New Year’s Eve Party. Recycling Bandanas in traditional patterns like red or blue can be found in popular stores like Five Below and other discount stores.

Consider adding some glitz to your serving or buffet table by purchasing and randomly placing some larger crystal-like gemstones on your table. These can often be found in craft stores near the glass ornament or silk floral arrangements section and they make impactful denim and diamonds party decorations. Sometimes, these crystal like glass gemstones are placed in a tall cylindrical vase to hold fresh or dried floral stems.

Denim and diamond party decorations, such as sparkling crystals, are highlighted by strategically placed lighting. Multicolored holiday string lighting can provide a welcomed reflection on the crystals. For an additional western theme to accompany your denim, select party lights in shapes like western boots, chili peppers or cowboy hat styles. Lighting is functional and adds a fun element to your party in addition to being decorative and complementing your other decorations.

Table coverings can also be an integral part of your party decorations. If you have a quasi-artistic flair, here’s a fun, inexpensive way to get a lot of bang for your buck on your denim and diamonds party decorations. Buy some inexpensive material at a discount store in dark blue or black. An even better idea, is if you can find a lighter fabric that resembles denim. Then, apply some jewel-like beads with a tool like the Bedazzler, or you can find simple iron on letters or designs. Protect your table with a flannel backed vinyl tablecloth and add the sparkling table covering over the top of the vinyl tablecloth. You can accent the edges of the tablecloth that hang over the sides of the table so that your unique denim and diamonds party decoration will not be covered up by your tableware, main dishes and desserts. If designing your own pattern, think simple yet interesting, possibly even encoding the words denim and diamonds in larger script like letters for your guests to see.

These types of decorations do not need to be complex, nor do they need to be expensive. Always look around your home first to see what you may already have that can be transformed and accented with some sparkle, so you may use these items for your event.

Elements of Green Building – "Steel Framing"

What is Steel Framing? –

Imagine the wood framing of a traditionally built home, but where there are 2x4s, 2x6s, etc., there are steel studs. The studs themselves start out as large steel sheets. These sheets are passed through a series or rollers, none of which use heat, to bend the steel to make more useful shapes for buildings, like the flanges, web, and lips of a stud or C-shape. Steel studs come in various shapes and sizes, much like those that builders are accustomed to seeing in dimensional lumber, including 2×4, 2×6, 2×8, 2×10, etc. The lengths are custom cut in the steel plant. And, since there is no heat used to shape the steel, no integrity or strength is lost. The shape makes the studs stronger than the original steel sheet. The steel studs can either be sold as is or placed into configurations to be sold as wall panels.

Applications –

Since steel is so strong, durable, versatile, and affordable, it can be used as framing for a great variety of situations, from superstructures like skyscrapers, bridges, and high-rises to lower-scale building projects like commercial shopping centers and residential homes. Since steel’s strength-to-weight ratio is so high, it is ideal for situations that require long spans. For example, steel opens up possibilities for wide, open living spaces in residences.

Advantages –

* Steel framing’s higher strength-to-weight ratio gives designers and engineers more options to use less framing material, allowing longer spans and wider on-center spacing schedules. In other words, fewer studs need to be used in the erection of a house or building, and larger open spaces are available in a home or building.

* Steel studs and joists are strong, light-weight, and made from uniform-quality material.

* Galvanized steel is noncombustible, unsusceptible to rot, and resistant to corrosion. It does not shrink, warp, twist, crack, split, or swell. This means your walls are straight and square for the life of the house, which will be a long life at that. Steel framing contributes to better drywall and exterior appearance, as well as the fit of doors and windows.

* Steel is insect and termite resistant. It is also mold resistant.

* Steel performs well in high wind and seismic areas.

* Steel provides a more reliable supply of framing materials for the building industry. It isn’t affected by the shortages and sharp price increases of the lumber industry.

* Remodeling and additions are no issue with steel framing since, just like wood framing, non-load-bearing walls can be removed.

* It is at least partly made of recycled materials and is 100 percent recyclable after use.

* Since steel is fire retardant, withstands high winds, and is more durable in hurricanes and earthquakes, homeowners may enjoy lower insurance premiums.

Disadvantages –

“Thermal bridging” occurs when hot or cold air is drawn to a stud, resulting in heat loss or gain. In cold climates, thermal bridging could result in increased heating costs and in hot climates, heat gain could result in moisture damage. When we build with steel, we use thermal barrier insulating materials to provide exceptional heat and cooling loss protection to steel-built homes.

What makes it “green”?

* Steel is completely recyclable. In fact, steel is North America’s most recycled material. More than 65 million tons of steel scrap is recycled each year. More steel is recycled than paper, aluminum, glass, and plastic combined. As an end result, recycling steel scrap also saves landfill space and natural resources. When the steel framing of a home has outlived its useful life, it can be recycled into new steel.

* An average 2,000 square foot steel framed house can generate as little as a cubic yard of recyclable scrap, diverting material for local landfills. This is partly because steel studs are cut to exact lengths from steel stud machines so there are no wastes at the construction site. The wastes in the steel plant are recycled to make more steel.

* Steel framing contains at least 28 percent recycled steel and is completely recyclable. Using recycled steel takes the pressure off renewable resources. For example, a typical 2,000-square-foot home requires about 40 to 50 trees, about an acre’s worth. With steel, only the equivalent of about six scrapped automobiles is needed.

* When used with thermal barrier materials, there is minimal heating and cooling loss. Steel framing also results in less loss around windows and doors as well as foundation and roofing connections because the steel will not warp and move, ridding concern of gaps and accompanies energy loss created over the life of the house.

* Steel framing means less need for lumber. Today, more than 90 percent of North America’s old-growth forests are already being harvested. This eases the strain on these dwindling forests, saving the wildlife that lives in those forests, as well.

* Steel is non-toxic and allergy free, which means healthier living for occupants.

Magic The Gathering Salvation

Magic the Gathering is an awesome trading card game that is also being played by many people online. There are various resources and portals for the magic game. Among them is the popular Magic the Gathering Salvation. Every lover of the game ought to discover a lot about this portal. Let’s start now:

Brief Survey on Magic the Gathering Salvation

Magic the Gathering Salvation usually abbreviated MTG salvation is an awesome website or portal that runs on vBulletin software. The site was established on July 11, 2004 and owned by a Swiss internet guru namely Hannes Roth. Most users of the MTG Salvation also refer to it as Sally. It’s actually a non-profit community-based Magic the gathering site which also operates as a forum where the game lovers meet.

The Pros of the MTG Salvation

There are many benefits that come with the Salvation forum. The site upholds tolerance among its members. It also furnishes members with news and latest developments in the area of the Magic the gathering game. The site is committed to providing entertainments of all kinds for all the forum members. There’s also sound fellowship and interaction among members.

Furthermore, MTG Salvation provides free platforms for all members to share news and information about the magic game. Members are always free to share rumors and every other issue going on in the magic game world. One good thing you can benefit from the site is the discovery of diverse strategies you can always engage when you begin to play the magic game. Most members unleash secret strategies they normally use in playing the game. You’ll also discover latest information about the rules of the game and all the rulings and trading going on in the magic game world.

You also stand a good chance of grabbing the latest information of various editions of the MTG game. The site reveals all you need to know about the game and when it comes to news dissemination, the MTG salvation portal is always at the front. Lovers of the magic game can easily broadcast various news about the magic game. Others who don’t have access to such news will not benefit from what’s being shared on the site.

The forum nature of the site makes it to be very interactive. You can easily chat with another lover of the game from another different part of the globe. This enriches your experience in MTG.

In all, there are so many pieces of information you can grab from the MTG Salvation site. It’s your avenue for learning the game afresh and also for updating what you know before. You can discover more about the magic cards and decks which are usually used in playing the game. The sky is indeed your limit when you liaise with Magic the Gathering Salvation portal.

How To Remove Lime Deposits From Fish Tank Aquarium

There is nothing more irritating than not being able to see the comings and goings in your fish tank. Watching the interactions of fish and other marine animals can be relaxing, educational and help you to monitor the condition of the tanks inhabitants. When the glass or other parts of the aquarium, like the heater or lights, begin to develop white stains on them you need to act swiftly to remove them. But what exactly are the white stains ? Why do they appear and how can you remove them for good ?

The white stains are lime deposits or calcium and magnesium carbonate. Lime deposits form when the water that is used is described as hard water. Hard water is water that has a higher than normal amount of minerals in it. These minerals are mainly calcium and magnesium that derive from limestone or chalk in the case of calcium and dolomite in the case of magnesium.

Although the water is safe for the marine life in your fish tank, the white stains make the fish tank unsightly. Unfortunately there is nothing you can do about the water if you live in an area that has hard water. However it is very easy to remove limescale.

Lime scale or calcium carbonate reacts with any acid to form carbon dioxide. This has the effect of dissolving the white stains. Many standard household cleaning products will remove calcium carbonate but it is not advised to use them on your fish tank. These products generally have many chemicals which may harm your fish. The simplest solution is to use vinegar or even lemon juice on the glass and other equipment during a normal cleaning cycle as this will remove the lime scale but will not affect the marine life.

If the water has a lot of calcium or magnesium then you will have to do this every time you clean the tank but it is quite easy and fast to do.